"Water ice on the moon has been something of a holy grail for lunar scientists for a very long time," said Jim Green, director of the Planetary Science Division at NASA Headquarters in Washington.
"This surprising finding has come about through the ingenuity, perseverance and international cooperation between NASA and the India Space Research Organisation," he said.
NASA said the M3 team found water molecules and hydroxyl at diverse areas of the sunlit region of the moon's surface, but the water signature appeared stronger at the moon's higher latitudes.
Data from the Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer, or VIMS, on NASA's Cassini spacecraft and the High-Resolution Infrared Imaging Spectrometer on NASA's EPOXI spacecraft contributed to confirmation of the finding.
"The data from Cassini's VIMS instrument and M3 closely agree," said Roger Clark, a US Geological Survey scientist in Denver and member of both the VIMS and M3 teams.
"We see both water and hydroxyl. While the abundances are not precisely known, as much as 1,000 water molecule parts-per-million could be in the lunar soil. To put that into perspective, if you harvested one ton of the top layer of the moon's surface, you could get as much as 32 ounces of water," Clark said.
Although there is a lot more going on behind the scenes, the world governments are now slowly beginning to release paradigm rattling information to the general public tuned in to the evening news, from where they get most of their information. The Moon as we have been made to believe is way more than a natural satellite revolving around Planet Earth and it is no longer a secret that there is intelligent life on Moon and on most planets contrary to the general belief that we are alone in the universe. While we think in terms of life sustaining elements that support all life here on earth as an absolute essential for life in general to come into being in the cosmos ... there are an infinite number of planets and star systems out there which evolve on different principles and are based out of various other elements of creation.
In 1974, Carl Sagan encoded a message in binary code with the basic building blocks and elements of life here on planet earth and with the help of his team at SETI beamed this message into space in hope of contacting intelligent life somewhere out there in the cosmos. The transmission consisted of a simple, pictorial message, aimed at our putative cosmic companions in the globular star cluster M13. This cluster is roughly 21,000 light-years from us, near the edge of the Milky Way galaxy, and contains approximately a third of a million stars.
The broadcast was particularly powerful because it used Arecibo's megawatt transmitter attached to its 305 meter antenna. The latter concentrates the transmitter energy by beaming it into a very small patch of sky. The emission was equivalent to a 20 trillion watt omnidirectional broadcast, and would be detectable by a SETI experiment just about anywhere in the galaxy, assuming a receiving antenna similar in size to Arecibo's.The message consists of 1679 bits, arranged into 73 lines of 23 characters per line (these are both prime numbers, and may help the aliens decode the message). The "ones" and "zeroes" were transmitted by frequency shifting at the rate of 10 bits per second. The total broadcast was less than three minutes. A graphic showing the message is reproduced here. It consists, among other things, of the Arecibo telescope, our solar system, DNA, a stick figure of a human, and some of the biochemicals of earthly life.
On the 20th of August, 2001 we got a reply in the form of a crop circle ( The Arecibo Chilbolton Crop Glyph) near the Chilbolton radio telescope in Hampshire, UK ! Terje Toftenes' fascinating documentary called Crop Circles : Crossovers From Another Dimension illustrates further the response and numerous other subliminal messages from our space brothers ...
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