The Disclosure Project is a nonprofit research project working to fully disclose the facts about UFOs, extraterrestrial intelligence, and classified advanced energy and propulsion systems. We have over 400 government, military, and intelligence community witnesses testifying to their direct, personal, first hand experience with UFOs, ETs, ET technology, and the cover-up that keeps this information secret.
Sometime in our near future the paradigm shifting truth about our cosmic family will herald the transformation of our world ...
On Wednesday, May 9th, 2001, over twenty military, intelligence, government, corporate and scientific witnesses came forward at the National Press Club in Washington, DC to establish the reality of UFOs or extraterrestrial vehicles, extraterrestrial life forms, and resulting advanced energy and propulsion technologies. The weight of this first-hand testimony, along with supporting government documentation and other evidence, will establish without any doubt the reality of these phenomena.
Contact with extraterrestrial civilizations our extended cosmic family is imminent how soon that happens would depend on the will of the collective consciousness and how open we are to accept the truth of our infinite spiritual nature always united with the divine source of creation.
Related Articles :
Dec 14, 2009
The Disclosure Project is a nonprofit research project working to fully disclose the facts about UFOs, extraterrestrial intelligence, and classified advanced energy and propulsion systems. We have over 400 government, military, and intelligence community witnesses testifying to their direct, personal, first hand experience with UFOs, ETs, ET technology, and the cover-up that keeps this information secret.
Dec 13, 2009
Earthlings is an award-winning documentary film about the suffering of animals for food, fashion, pets, entertainment and medical research. Considered the most persuasive documentary ever made, Earthlings is nicknamed “the Vegan maker” for its sensitive footage shot at animal shelters, pet stores, puppy mills, factory farms, slaughterhouses, the leather and fur trades, sporting events, circuses and research labs. The film is narrated by Academy Award nominee Joaquin Phoenix and features music by platinum-selling recording artist Moby. Initially ignored by distributors, today Earthlings is considered the definitive animal rights film by organizations around the world. “Of all the films I have ever made, this is the one that gets people talking the most,” said Phoenix. “For every one person who sees Earthlings, they will tell three.”
In 1999, writer/producer/director Shaun Monson began work on a series of PSAs (Public Service Announcements) about spaying and neutering pets. The footage he shot at animal shelters around Los Angeles affected him so profoundly that the project soon evolved into EARTHLINGS. The film would take another six years to complete because of the difficulty in obtaining footage within these profitable industries. Though the film was initially ignored by distributors, who told Monson that the film would “never see the light of day and should be swept under the rug,” today EARTHLINGS is considered the definitive animal rights film by organizations around the world.
Nation Earth was established to produce documentary films on socially urgent issues. EARTHLINGS, released in 2005, was the company's first feature film and is the first of a documentary trilogy. The company is currently at work on the second installment, UNITY, which will explore the unifying force of consciousness found in nature, animals and humankind. UNITY is scheduled to be completed in 2009. For more information please see www.unitythemovie.com.
Related Articles :
Dec 12, 2009
by Carrie Hart
Come with me now, down this garden path, and sit with me at this stream. Watch how the water flows by. See how it flows over and around the rocks. See how it flows even where there are obstacles; even a dam of rocks, higher than the bed of the stream, cannot stop the flow.
It may hold back the water for a time, but eventually, the water will prevail. It may rise up and flow over the top of the dam. It may simply leave the banks of the stream, spread out and go around the dam. Or it may find the weakness in the dam and through its relentless pressure cause the dam to crumble as the water is let loose to flow freely again.
This water is love, the source of all being. It is freedom and power, unrelenting, unending. It overcomes all barriers which lie before it through its unending flow.
But yet its pressure is gentle. For the rocks over which it flows, it is soothing and purifying. For that which dwells within it and on the banks along the side, it is a life giver, flowing and gentle. And yet, when it is thwarted, as with the dam, it prevails through its unrelenting nature.
There is nothing that you can do, nothing you can fail to do, that will keep love from you. There is no blame you can place upon yourself that will stop the flow of love in your life. Love is the blood that flows in your veins, the breath the goes in and out of your body. Love is an essential part of who you are. It cannot be stopped. It cannot be overcome. And even if it is forced underground for a time, still it flows and will again be made visible in your life.
You are blameless before this love. You are not judged and found wanting. You, exactly as you are right now, are deeply loved, are a part of love, are made of love eternal.
You breathe and it flows. You live and it flows. You are love.
The life-giving source is within you and it is the foundation of your freedom. The more you allow yourself to become one with the flow of love, the more freedom you will experience in your life. The more you give it away, the more it will flow in to fill you. The more you acknowledge its presence within you, the more you will flow and glow with love and freedom, going so deeply into the holy center of love that you finally see and know and feel who you are: a shining beacon of love and light in human form, as holy and free as anyone who has ever walked the earth and ever will. You—yes, you—are the ultimate expression of love.
The rocks of fear may pile up around you and in front of you, but you are not those rocks. You are the flowing stream of love and you will prevail over the barriers and watch them crumble and tumble before you. Such is your power, the power of love.
Source : Carrie Hart ~ Quado ; Angel Love
Related Articles :
- Transfomers : A Global Wave Emerging
- Smiles & Free Hugs : Change The World
- Wayne Dyer : The Power Of Intention
- Return To Innocence : Tune Into The Child Within
- Who is God ?! by Neale Donald Walsch
- Spiritual Awakening : Finding Our True Self
- What is Synchronicity ? Messages From Higher Dimensions
Dec 11, 2009
A mysterious giant spiral of light that dominated the sky over Norway this morning has stunned experts — who believe the space spectacle is an entirely new astral phenomenon.
Thousands of awe-struck Norwegians bombarded the Meteorological Institute to ask what the incredible light — that could be seen in the pre-dawn sky for hundreds of miles — could possibly be.
The phenomenon has been dubbed 'Star-Gate' — as the world's top scientists and the military lined up to admit they were baffled.
Theories ranging from a misfired Russian missile, meteor fireball, never-before-seen type of northern light, 'black hole' and even alien activity were all proposed.
Witnesses across Norway, who first glimpsed the space show at 8.45am, all described seeing a spinning 'Catherine wheel-style' spiral of white light, centred around a bright moon-like star.
A blue "streaming tail" appeared to anchor the spiral to earth, before the light "exploded" into a rotating ring of white fire.
The spiral spectacle — which lasted for two minutes — was seen by vast swathes of the Scandinavian country's almost five million population, with sightings as far north as Finnmark to Trondelag in the south.
Totto Eriksen, from Tromso, in northern Norway, was one of the thousands who bombarded Norwegian newspapers with sightings — after nearly crashing his car on spotting the spiral overhead.
He said: "I was driving my daughter to school when this light spun and exploded in the sky.
"We saw it from the Inner Harbour in Tromso. It looked like a rocket that spun around and around - and then went diagonally across the heavens.
"It looked like the moon was coming over the mountain - but then turned into something totally different.
"People just stopped and stared on the pier - it was like something from a Hollywood movie."
Axel Berg, from Alta, also in the north of the country, added: "It was like a giant spiral - a shooting star that spun around and around.
"I initially thought it was a projector but then the 'tail light' left and the spiral remained spinning still."
Norway's most celebrated astronomer, Knut Jorgen Roed Odegaard, said he had never seen anything like the spiral before.
He said: "This was seen over an exceptionally large area of the country - in all of north Norway and the Trondelag.
"My first thought was that it was a fireball meteor - but it lasted far too long.
"It may have been a missile from Russia - but I can't guarantee that is the answer.
"I rang the Air Traffic Control tower in Tromse. They said it was over in two minutes. To me, that is far too long for this to be an astronomical phenomenon.
"This spiral shape is unique. It is definitely not a variation of the aurora borealis - northern lights."
Chief Scientist Erik Tandberg, at the Norwegian Space Centre, said that he too was "totally amazed" by the spiral.
He agreed with many other experts that the spiral pattern could have been caused by a missile from Russia — something the Russian military have strongly denied.
Dr Tandberg said: "I agree with everyone in the science community that this light was the weirdest thing. I have never seen anything like this ever.
Related Articles :
Dec 10, 2009
DMT : The Spirit Molecule, an excellent documentary based on the brilliant work of Dr. Rick Strassman the best selling author of the famous book by the same name 'DMT : The Spirit Molecule' ... Dr. Rick Strassman shares extensively researched knowledge about the Pineal Gland, DMT, Near Death Experiences, Altered States of Consciousness which complements ancient shamanic knowledge of psychedelic plants and the role played by DMT in the opening of new doors to the transdimensional and the metaphysical realms of consciousness ...
THE SPIRIT MOLECULE weaves an account of Dr. Rick Strassman's groundbreaking DMT research through a multifaceted approach to this intriguing hallucinogen found in the human brain and hundreds of plants. Utilizing interviews with a variety of experts to explain their thoughts and experiences with DMT within their respective fields, and discussions with Strassman’s research volunteers brings to life the awesome effects of this compound, and far-reaching theories regarding its role in human consciousness .
Several themes explored include possible roles for endogenous DMT; its theoretical role in near-death and birth experiences, alien-abduction experiences; and the uncanny similarities in Biblical prophetic texts describing DMT-like experiences. Our expert contributors offer a comprehensive collection of information, opinions, and speculation about indigenous use of DMT, the history and future of psychedelic research, and current DMT research. All this, to help us understand the nature of the DMT experience, and its role in human society and evolution.
The subtle combination of science, spirituality, and philosophy within the film’s approach sheds light on an array of ideas that could considerably alter the way humans understand the universe and their relationship to it.
Related Articles :
Dec 9, 2009
"Becoming aware of your energy body is another key tool to unlocking the gateways to conscious understanding and spiritual growth. Learning about the chakras was a major impetus that moved me forward on my own journey of awakening along with recognizing and tuning in to the natural cycles of the Sun and Moon. Of course that journey of discovery never ends and hopefully we each continue to grow and expand in wisdom throughout our lifetimes. In fact, it is my belief that the chakras travel with our souls and spirit from lifetime to lifetime and store the information you have accumulated throughout your various incarnations as well as the cellular memories of past experiences in your present body. In prior columns I have shared meditations for clearing and balancing your chakras along with some insight into what area of the body each chakra rules. This month we will focus on some basic information on what the chakras actually are and how these energy centers influence our physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well being.
Chakra is a Sanskrit word that means “Wheel of Light”; the traditional belief is that there are 7 energy centers of the etheric body that lie along the spine and are spinning in constant rotation. There are also chakras in our hands and feet as well as outside the body above and below that connect us to the Earth and the Cosmos but to keep it simple, we will focus on gaining greater understanding of the 7 energy centers that correspond to the glandular system in our physical bodies. They appear energetically as wheel like vortices of light and are sometimes referred to as lotuses since they look like many petalled flowers. The colors of the chakras correspond to the colors of the rainbow. Check out the April 2009 Eye-Opener for the Lotus Bath Meditation that I frequently use for chakra balancing myself. This meditation does not have to be done in a bath, it can easily be adapted to use while sitting in a chair with both feet flat on the floor, laying down or while outdoors sitting cross legged on the ground. The chakras lie along the spine starting with the Root chakra at the base all the way up to the Crown chakra at the top of the head. Through the chakras our Spirit and Soul become receptive to and communicate with cosmic energies. Each of our chakras has its own purpose and connection as well as unique energies it is associated with. CG Jung taught that the chakras are the gateways to consciousness. By balancing and raising our awareness of our chakras we can become more receptive to the Divine and unite our Individual Soul with Universal Soul. Experiencing their presence will help you tap into your innate wisdom and knowledge of the chakra system as a spiritual being in a physical body.
Carolyn Myss is a renowned author, teacher and medical intuitive who brought the concept and study of chakras to mainstream consciousness. She teaches that the Root chakra connects us all at a tribal level and has to do with basic survival; an energy we all share as a collective experience. With the current economic situation there is a shared level of fear about having the basic needs of life met, with the high unemployment rate and all the changes that Pluto in Capricorn has brought so far it is important to work on keeping the Root chakra open and balanced. If the Root is blocked it will have an effect on every other energy center in the body.
An easy way to begin your understanding of the chakras is to obtain a good chart that illustrates and describes the chakras and gives the correspondences related to them such as the body parts and glands, related gemstones, colors, planets, essential oils, recognizing traits of balanced and unbalanced energy centers. Since they are affiliated with the endocrine system and brain they do directly relate to physical health and well being. As you identify and activate them through meditation and study you will find that you can bring balance and harmony to your body, mind and spirit. There is much to be learned from books but in my opinion you can learn what you need from meditation and tuning in to your chakras. One excellent book on energy exercises and meditation is Your Aura & Your Chakras-An Owner’s Manual by Karla McLaren. Another classic work is The Sevenfold Journey-Reclaiming Mind, Body & Spirit through the Chakras by Anodea Judith & Selene Vega. The information presented here is based on my research and notes from various sources. There are many books on this subject and a vast amount of knowledge to learn, it is actually overwhelming how much there is to potentially study. Learn the basics and let your chakras teach you. Here is some basic information on each chakra:
The First or Root chakra is considered to be our animal center, it rules basic emotions, animal instinct (like survival) and animal passions (like rage).It is situated at the base of the spine, in the area of the perineum. The Root chakra is the primary source of energy and the grounding and manifestation center. Its color energy is red. It connects our physical body to the Earth. In females it spins in a counter-clockwise direction and males in a clockwise direction. It regulates the hips, legs and feet, lower back, sexual organs and blood circulatory system.
Feelings of isolation, aimlessness and apathy can be symptoms of an unbalanced root chakra. This can also manifest as being overly attached to material things or being attracted to someone based solely on physical appearance. When the root chakra is well balanced, we experience security, health, ambition and positive life force energy. When in harmony there is a feeling of profound connection to nature.
The Second or Sacral Chakra is situated about one inch below the navel, between the ovaries in females and at the gonads in males. Its color energy is orange. This second chakra rules the sexual organs, kidneys, bladder and large intestine. This is the detoxifying center. It is our center of family patterns, sexuality, emotions, empathy and creativity. We perceive energy at a gut or feeling level through empathic or clairsentient abilities. In females it spins in a clockwise direction and in males in a counter-clockwise direction. This center rules the balance of free giving and receiving of emotions. Unsure and unstable sexual relationships can affect this area energetically and the health of the corresponding organs.
If well balanced it manifests as healthy emotions and passions. Harmony is achieved with being open, considerate, friendly and kind. When this center is unbalanced it can manifest as anxiety, anger, frustration and stress,
The Third chakra is considered to be the second mind; it is our center of being, where we generate and contain our life force energy. It is located right in between your rib cage, a few inches below the breastbone. Its color energy is yellow. The Solar Plexus regulates the digestive system, stomach, liver, gall bladder, pancreas and small intestine. In females it spins in a counter-clockwise direction and males in a clockwise direction. It relates to personal power, ego, desires, instinct and impulses.
The third chakra is the center for astral travel, psychic development and communication with spirit guides. When in harmony there is a feeling of wholeness, inner calm and peace due to balance of the spiritual and material world. Lack of confidence, confusion and pessimism might be indications of an unbalanced third chakra. Being out of harmony manifests as a need to control and dominate others with an emphasis on the material.
This is the center of pure love. The Fourth chakra is located behind the breastbone. Its color energy expresses as green or pink. It correlates with universal love and compassion. This is the middle point of our energy system, where spirit, mind and body meet. It rules the heart, lungs, circulatory system, shoulders and upper back. In females it spins in a clockwise direction and males in a counter-clockwise direction.
An unbalanced fourth chakra can manifest through obsessive behaviors, lack of self-worth and cruelty. Physical problems include heart disease, blood pressure problems, and insomnia and breathing problems. When this center is in harmony we feel affinity with others, tolerance, compassion and understanding.
The Throat Chakra is situated right where the collarbones meet. It is the Fifth chakra; its color energy is blue. It corresponds to the thyroid gland which regulates the production of hormones in the body. It also regulates communication of all kinds. This is the point where spirit manifests through creativity, expression, change, transformation and healing. In females it spins in a counter-clockwise direction and males in a clockwise direction. It rules the throat, thyroid, teeth, and ears. It also rules the inner ear and abilities of clairaudience or the ability to hear spiritual information or insight.
When well balanced it brings steadiness and inspiration, we know when to trust our intuition. We are able to speak our truth and experience balance in expression. When out of harmony there can be much talking without finding true expression, there is discomfort with silence and fear of being judged and rejected. Physical problems related to an unbalanced throat chakra could be hyperthyroidism, skin irritations, ear infections and back pain.
The Sixth chakra is situated on the forehead right between the eyebrows. Its color energy is indigo. It enables the recognition of being and is linked to the pituitary gland. In females it spins in a clockwise direction and in males in a counter-clockwise direction. This chakra rules the eyes and the faculty of seeing, both physically and intuitively. It is our center of clairvoyance or clear seeing. This is the memory and planning center. It rules the eyes, the brain, the face and the endocrine system.
When well balanced it brings understanding, good analytical skills. Intuition and inner awareness are incorporated into everyday life. When unbalanced, it causes lack of realism, which might result in delusion. If this center is out of harmony there is a tendency towards rejection of spiritual aspects with an over emphasis on intellect and science. Problems with eyes and sinus can all be symptoms of an unbalanced brow chakra.
The crown is the Seventh chakra; it is situated at the very top of the skull. Its color energy is violet or white. It is our connection to the Divine and brings us information on what our higher purpose is. It rules the brain, the left and right hemispheres. This center contains the ability of clear knowing or claircognizance and is linked to the pineal gland. This is the connection point to the Universe, the Higher Self. In females it spins in a counter-clockwise direction and males in a clockwise direction.
When well balanced, it brings understanding, wisdom, enlightenment, conscious awareness and blissfulness. When unbalanced, it brings extreme fear (panic), depression, exhaustion, alienation.
Knowing about the chakras and working to bring them into balance will help to keep you healthy, happy, productive, expressive and at peace. Simply placing your attention on each chakra and breathing deeply into it as you visualize the corresponding color clearing and bringing it into balance is a good way to begin to clear negativity and blockages. Yoga and other forms of energetic exercise such as Tai Chi and Chi Gong also help to bring balance to these energy centers.
A good understanding of the chakras and how they work are essential to effective meditation and life mastery. I hope this brief explanation will assist you in your own studies and help to advance your spiritual journey."
From the July issue of Psychic Times:
Chakras-Gateways to Consciousness
June 30th, 2009 at 10:48 pm
Source : Psychic Selene
Related Articles :
Dec 8, 2009
Wisdom in Action, a documentary movie by ARI Films shot at the 4th World Spirit Forum which hosted prominent scientists, thinkers and spiritual leaders from all over the world, uniting to discuss plans to heal the world. As an annual world conference the WSF World Spirit Forum offers the unique opportunity to build bridges and to open up for broad and boundless insights beyond conventional restrictions/constraints. The time has come for a new, united, holistic, sustainable and humane future. The WSF World Spirit Forum is a unique platform to develop solutions, visions and projects in accordance with the vision of a sustainable earth universe.
Our society, the economy, the scientific community and politics still operate on separate levels. Intersections are partly acknowledged but interactive thinking and action is needed in order to create lasting change.
Since many appeals and efforts have produced little significant breakthroughs in a common thinking, life and work fuelled by spiritual motivation has become an opportunity to break out of old dependencies, to enhance and activate consciousness and the personal creative potential in order to leave well-trodden paths and to develop strategies leading to a sustainable and holistic world.
The WSF World Spirit Forum is a non-profit-organisation. Founded as a charity based in Zürich, Switzerland. We are counselled by an advisory committee in spiritual and technical matters.
Related Articles :
Dec 7, 2009
Louise Hay's You Can Heal Your Life is a must see movie for all who are here now aware of their individual & collective strength to co-create a new healing energy revitalizing Gaia and all life here ... healing our lives by becoming open conduits of love and compassion reverberating positive life affirming energies , Here ... NOW !
There’s only one way to conclude Hay House’s year-long 20th Anniversary celebration as the international leader in inspirational and self-help publishing—with a big bang! For the grand finale of our commemorative year, Hay House is proud to announce the debut of the first-ever film on the life and work of our much-loved founder, Louise L. Hay — You Can Heal Your Life : The Movie !
“I’ve become so delighted with this project,” Louise said about her film debut. “I’ve noticed that women in the film industry who are 35 are usually too old to get a part. But I’m 80 and I’m doing my first movie . . . and I’m the star. It’s very, very exciting.”
There are few people we meet in our lifetime whose presence and effervescent spirit fills us instantly with an abundance of energy and love. Louise Hay is one of those rare people who radiates peace and seems to make time stand still. And when the prospect of a movie about her life and her work came to fruition, the unanimous response from all who have been touched by Louise’s caring nature and generous desire to help others was—“It’s about time!”
It all started more than 30 years ago when Louise saw how people let illness and hurtful circumstances control their lives. She vowed to help them see that the root of their pain stemmed from their own negative thoughts. So, she sat down and wrote a little blue pamphlet where she described how our mental patterns and beliefs can actually contribute to illness in our body. She even listed various medical conditions, explained what thoughts correlated with them, and showed us that the way to heal our lives was just a positive thought away.
Louise had a simple message that she wanted to share: “The body, like everything else in life, is a mirror of our inner thoughts and beliefs. Every cell within your body responds to every single thought you think and every word you speak.”
Little did she know that this tiny blue book, which she incorporated into her second book You Can Heal Your Life would change the world and its way of thinking. You Can Heal Your Life, published in 1984, has been translated into 29 different languages, is available in more than 35 countries, and to date has sold more than 35 million copies around the world.
In the later decades of her life, Louise has touched hundreds of thousands of lives with her groundbreaking wisdom and her generous heart. Now, you can see this firsthand in You Can Heal Your Life: The Movie, which presents some of the most fascinating and memorable moments of Louise’s life.
In this film, you learn about Louise’s early days and the events that lead her to where she is today. You see, through personal interviews, how Louise teaches us to look within and heal ourselves. And you glimpse back to the time when Louise launched her successful book publishing company from a small bedroom in her home when she self-published her “little blue book.”
You also discover many things that you may not know about Louise—how she opened doors for women in the publishing business and the inspirational speaking circuit and how she broke barriers by reaching out to the men and women afflicted with AIDS during a time when much of the world left them behind.
You meet the woman who wakes up every day and proclaims her love for everyone and everything in her path, the woman who popularized “affirmations,” the woman who shakes hands with presidents, dignitaries, celebrities, and who always has an affectionate hug for fans who run up to her at a public appearance or Hay House event to thank her for “saving my life.” And when she embraces them, she’ll insist, “It wasn’t me. It was you.”
The best way to learn about Louise and the impact of her work is to listen to others describe the many ways she has helped shape their lives. “Louise has been a profoundly positive influence in my life, and she is one of my greatest teachers,” notes longtime Hay House author Doreen Virtue. “Louise is one of the most powerful persons I have ever met, and I am truly blessed to have spent time with her. I’m so pleased that this movie will allow you the joy of spending time with Louise, too.”
Best-selling author Gregg Braden adds, “I was working as a defense systems computer engineer during the last years of the Cold War when I first read Louise’s book, You Can Heal Your Life. It came to me at a turning point in my life and I found it so beautiful, so powerful, and so true. Through the simple elegance that’s the hallmark of her work, Louise put words to my view of a life philosophy that includes compassionate self-healing. Now, 20 years later, I’m not only honored to be part of the Hay House family, but I’m blessed to know the woman who gives so much in the world, and who touched my life during such a pivotal time in such a special way.”
A number of luminaries in the fields of self-help and health and spirituality and new thought—including Doreen Virtue, Gregg Braden, Wayne W. Dyer, Gay Hendricks, Esther and Jerry Hicks, Leon Nacson, Dr. Christiane Northrup, Dr. Candace B. Pert, Cheryl Richardson, Dr. Mona Lisa Schulz, and many others share their personal stories about Louise’s impact on their lives in You Can Heal Your Life: The Movie.
“It’s an honor to be part of a film that celebrates the work of an amazing woman who has done so much for so many,” says best-selling author and renowned life coach Cheryl Richardson. “Louise is a bright light whose wisdom started me on my journey of awakening. It’s exciting to think that even more people will be blessed with her message of hope and strength.”
Source : You Can Heal Your Life
Related Articles :
Dec 3, 2009
'Entheogenic Shamanism Ancient Astronauts' is a brilliant documentary connecting the ancient use of entheogens, the shaman's vision quest into non ordinary states of awareness helping the Shaman tune into a transpersonal realm of the spirit world bringing back knowledge to serve the community and heal it's people.
Related Articles :
Nov 25, 2009
Ratu is a self realised master, whose teaching has been received direct from the light. Ratu Bagus (meaning good king) is an extraordinary spiritual teacher. Ratu has the ability to develop our lives beyond what we could ever have imagined. He shows us how to truly heal ourselves by opening our hearts and helping us to connect to divine love. Those that meet him are touched by his sweetness, his love for humanity and endless compassion.
Ratu is endlessly creative in his approach to awaken our desire for freedom, he is both humble and powerful, with a wonderful sense of humour, he is completely accepting of everyone, he sees the light that is who we truly are, Ratu at Bramin Ceremonyand invites us to realise this too. Ratu has touched the lives of many, to meet him is a truly life changing experience.
The phenomenon of Energy Orbs has become more and more visable at the ashram.These beautiful representations of planetary energy are becoming manifest in response to the ever-growing level of consciousness present at this time.
The pictures shown here taken at the ashram and around Ratu were taken by many people, on many cameras at different times. They capture the essence of these energies at play.
Feeling their presence and working with them during training and meditating allows one to connect with our highest potential, free from the limits of the mind. When one is connected through feeling to these energy orbs spinning throughout the body occurs, while held in the safety of ones own orbit, it can feel like dancing through the universe.
‘Now is the golden time for the spiritual. Every year there is a growing level of spirituality. Our level has now already reached the 9th level. That is why we now unite with the planets. When the soul reaches the planets, a high level of consciousness emerges. This level of consciousness works together with nature and the planets. So the orbs that we see here are balls of energy. They are planets. In philosophy they symbolize the power of the deities.’
~ Ratu Bagus
Orbs in Motion
This is an excerpt from a recorded talk by Ratu at the ashram in April '09. The footage clearly shows energy orbs moving quickly within the room, and is very unusual as orbs are rarely caught on video camera.
On the sacred day of Nyepi or Day of Silence, it is traditional in Bali that no light or mains electricity is used, and people don't leave their homes. The whole island is silent and in darkness. This film is made from the exceptional images taken at the large Nyepi Ceremony that was held at the ashram in 2009.
Source : Ratu Bagus
Related Articles :
Nov 23, 2009
Rastamia is an hour long documentary introducing the cultural, historical and spiritual aspects of Rastafarianism as explained by a group of followers in the City of Miami. The film delivers a message of hope and reconciliation by systematically explaining away the myths behind Rastafarianism as viewed by outsiders, resulting in a clearer understanding of this hybrid culture.
Rastafari are monotheists, worshipping a singular God whom they call Jah. Rastas see Jah as being in the form of the Holy Trinity, that is, God being the God the Father, God the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Rastas say that Jah, in the form of the Holy Spirit (incarnate), lives within the human, and for this reason they often refer to themselves as "I and I". Furthermore, "I and I" is used instead of "We", and is used in this way to emphasise the equality between all people, in the recognition that the Holy Spirit within us all makes us essentially one and the same.
For Rastas, smoking cannabis, usually known as "herb", "weed", "sinsemilla" (spanish for "without seeds") or "ganja" (from the Sanskrit word, "Ganjika", created by the Hindus of India), is a spiritual act, often accompanied by Bible study; they consider it a sacrament that cleans the body and mind, heals the soul, exalts the consciousness, facilitates peacefulness, brings pleasure, and brings them closer to Jah. The burning of the herb is often said to be essential "for it will sting in the hearts of those that promote and perform evil and wrongs." By the 8th century, cannabis had been introduced by Arab traders to Central and Southern Africa, where it is known as "dagga" and many Rastas say it is a part of their African culture that they are reclaiming. It is sometimes also referred to as "the healing of the nation", a phraseology adapted from Revelation 22:2.
The migration of many thousands of Hindus from India to the Caribbean in the 20th century may have brought this culture to Jamaica. Many academics point to Indo-Caribbean origins for the ganjah sacrament resulting from the importation of Indian migrant workers in a post-abolition Jamaican landscape. "Large scale use of ganjah in Jamaica... dated from the importation of indentured Indians..."(Campbell 110). Dreadlocked mystics, often ascetic, known as sadhus, have smoked cannabis in India for centuries.
According to many Rastas, the illegality of cannabis in many nations is evidence that persecution of Rastafari is a reality. They are not surprised that it is illegal, seeing it as a powerful substance that opens people's minds to the truth — something the Babylon system, they reason, clearly does not want. They contrast their herb to alcohol and other drugs, which they feel destroy the mind.
Rastafari see cannabis as a sacramental and deeply beneficial plant that is the Tree of Life mentioned in the Bible. Bob Marley, amongst many others, said, "the herb ganja is the healing of the nations." The use of cannabis, and particularly of large pipes called chalices, is an integral part of what Rastafari call "reasoning sessions" where members join together to discuss life according to the Rasta perspective. They see cannabis as having the capacity to allow the user to penetrate the truth of how things are much more clearly, as if the wool had been pulled from one's eyes. Thus the Rastafari come together to smoke cannabis in order to discuss the truth with each other, reasoning it all out little by little through many sessions. They see the use of this plant as bringing them closer to nature.
Related Articles :
Nov 22, 2009
Following the release of What the BLEEP Do We Know!?, in Q&A after Q&A, conference after conference, the filmmakers were besieged by requests for more: More information, more science, more applications to their personal lives. August 1, 2006 marks the response to these requests with the release of What the BLEEP – Down the Rabbit Hole, Quantum Edition multi-disc DVD set.
Featuring two (!) extended versions of What the BLEEP Do We Know!?, never before seen DVD programming features, 20 minutes of new animation, new interviews, along with 5 hours of uncut interviews and a filmmakers Q&A, the Quantum Edition contains over 15 hours of material on 6 DVD sides.
Not only does this compendium of topics BLEEP give the viewer enough material for weeks/months of exploration, but with the programming features, it allows them to specify “How far down the Rabbit Hole” they wish to go. Or, if they wish to “Go Quantum” by using a randomization function on their DVD player, the film restructures itself every time it’s viewed so it’s never the same film twice.
The original What The Bleep Do We Know was made for a theatrical experience of under two hours. With these new expanded versions, the filmmakers were finally able to include all the topics as originally intended. The completed picture presents all the elements that are intrinsic to the worldview put forth in BLEEP. Topics such as Quantum Entanglement, the Double Slit Experiment, Healing and the Cell, the split and re-unification of spirit and science - all are addressed in the detail required to tell the story. Hopefully they stimulate the viewer to seek further explorations. It may be the definitive BLEEP, but it is not the last word – it’s the final beginning.
Buy the DVD !
Source : What The Bleep !?
Related Articles :
Nov 21, 2009
Outlining a brief history of Peyote here is an excerpt from "Plants of the Gods - Their Sacred, Healing and Hallucinogenic Powers" by Richard Evans Schultes and Albert Hofmann, Healing Arts Press (Vermont) 1992 !
Ever since the arrival of the first Europeans in the New World, Peyote has provoked controversy, suppression, and persecution. Condemned by the Spanish conquerors for its "satanic trickery", and attacked more recently by local governments and religious groups, the plant has nevertheless continued to play a major sacramental role among the Indians of Mexico, while its use has spread to the North American tribes in the last hundred years.
The persistence and growth of the Peyote cult constitute a fascinating chapter in the history of the New World - and a challenge to the anthropologists and psychologists, botanists and pharmacologists who continue to study the plant and its constituents in connection with human affairs.
We might logically call this woolly Mexican cactus the prototype of the New World hallucinogens. It was one of the first to be discovered by Europeans and was unquestionably the most spectacular vision-inducing plant encountered by the Spanish conquerors. They found Peyote firmly established in native religions, and their efforts to stamp out this practice drove it into hiding in the hills, where its sacramental use has persisted to the present time.
How old is the Peyote cult? An early Spanish chronicler, Fray Bernardino de Sahagún, estimated on the basis of several historical events recorded in Indian chronology that Peyote was known to the Chichimeca and Toltec at least 1890 years before the arrival of the Europeans. This calculation would give the "divine plant" of Mexico an economic history extending over a period of some two millennia. Then Carl Lumholtz, the Danish ethnologist who did pioneer work among the Indians of Chihuahua, suggested that the Peyote cult is far older. He showed that a symbol employed in the Tarahumara Indian Peyote ceremony appeared in ancient ritualistic carvings preserved in Mesoamerican lava rocks. More recently, archaeological discoveries in dry caves and rock shelters in Texas have yielded specimens of Peyote. These specimens, found in a context suggesting ceremonial use, indicate that its use is more than three thousand years old.
The earliest European records concerning this sacred cactus are those of Sahagún, who lived from 1499 to 1590 and who dedicated most of his adult life to the Indians of Mexico. His precious, first-hand observations were not published until the nineteenth century. Consequently, credit for the earliest published account must go to Juan Cardenas, whose observations on the marvelous secrets of the Indies were published as early as 1591.
Sahagún's writings are among the most important of all the early chroniclers. He described Peyote use among the Chichimeca, of the primitive desert plateau of the north, recording for posterity: "There is another herb like tunas [Opuntia spp.] of the earth. It is called Peiotl. It is white. It is found in the north country. Those who eat or drink it see visions either frightful or laughable. This intoxication lasts two or three days and then ceases. It is a common food of the Chichimeca, for it sustains them and gives them courage to fight and not feel fear nor hunger nor thirst. And they say that it protects them from all danger."
It is not known whether or not the Chichimeca were the first Indians to discover the psychoactive properties of Peyote. Some students believe that the Tarahumara Indians, living where Peyote abounded, were the first to discover its use and that it spread from them to the Cora, the Huichol, and other tribes. Since the plant grows in many scattered localities in Mexico, it seems probable that its intoxicating properties were independently discovered by a number of tribes.
Several seventeenth-century Spanish Jesuits testified that the Mexican Indians used Peyote medicinally and ceremonially for many ills and that when intoxicated with the cactus they saw "horrible visions". Padre Andréa Pérez de Ribas, a seventeenth-century Jesuit who spent sixteen years in Sinaloa, reported that Peyote was usually drunk but that its use, even medicinally, was forbidden and punished, since it was connected with "heathen rituals and superstitions" to contact evil spirits through "diabolic fantasies".
The first full description of the living cactus was offered by Dr Francisco Hernández, who as personal physician of King Philip II of Spain was sent to study Aztec medicine. In his ethnobotanical study of New Spain, Dr Hernández described "peyotl", as the plant was called in the Nahuatl language of the Aztecs: "The root is of nearly medium size, sending forth no branches or leaves above the ground, but with a certain woolliness adhering to it on account of which it could not aptly be figured by me. Both men and women are said to be harmed by it. It appears to be of a sweetish taste and moderately hot. Ground up and applied to painful joints, it is said to give relief. Wonderful properties are attributed to this root, if any faith can be given to what is commonly said among them on this point. It causes those devouring it to be able to foresee and to predict things…."
In the latter part of the seventeenth century, a Spanish missionary in Nayarit recorded the earliest account of a Peyote ritual. Of the Cora tribe, he reported: "Close to the musician was seated the leader of the singing, whose business it was to mark time. Each had his assistants to take his place when he should become fatigued. Nearby was place a tray filled with Peyote, which is a diabolical root that is ground up and drunk by them so that they may not become weakened by the exhausting effects of so long a function, which they begin by forming as large a circle of men and women as could occupy the space that had been swept off for this purpose. One after the other, they went dancing in a ring or marking time with their feet, keeping in the middle the musician and choir-master whom they invited, and singing in the same unmusical tune that he set them. They would dance all night, from five o'clock in the evening to seven o'clock in the morning, without stopping nor leaving the circle. When the dance was ended, all stood who could hold themselves on their feet; for the majority, from the Peyote and wine which they drank, were unable to utilize their legs."
The ceremony among the Cora, Huichol, and Tarahumara Indians has probably challenged little in content over the centuries; it still consists, in great part, of dancing.
The modern Huichol Peyote ritual is the closest to the pre-Colonial Mexican ceremonies. Sahagún's description of the Teochichimeca ritual could very well be a description of the contemporary Huichol ceremony, for these Indians still assemble together in the desert 300 miles northeast of their homeland in the Sierra Madre mountains of western Mexico, still sing all night, all day, still weep exceedingly, and still so esteem Peyote above any other psychotropic plant that the sacred mushrooms, Morning Glories, "Datura", and other indigenous hallucinogens are consigned to the realm of sorcerers.
Most of the early records in Mexico were left by missionaries who opposed the use of Peyote in religious practice. To them Peyote had no place in Christianity because of its pagan associations. Since the Spanish ecclesiastes were intolerant of any cult but their own, fierce persecution resulted. But the Indians were reluctant to give up their Peyote cults established on centuries of tradition.
The suppression of Peyote, however, went to great lengths. For example, a priest near San Antonio, Texas, published a manual in 1760, containing questions to be asked of converts. Included were the following: "Have you eaten the flesh of man? Have you eaten Peyote?" Another priest, Padre Nidolas de Leon, similarly examined potential converts: "Art thou a soothsayer? Dost thou foretell events by reading omens, interpreting dreams or by tracing circles and figures on water? Dost thou garnish with flower garlands the places where idols are kept? Dost thou suck to blood of others? Dost thou wander about at night, calling upon demons to help thee? Hast thou drunk Peyote or given it to others to drink, in order to discover secrets or to discover where stolen or lost articles were?"
During the last decade of the nineteenth century, the explorer Carl Lumholtz observed the use of Peyote among the Indians of the Sierra Madre Occidental of Mexico, primarily the Huichol and Tarahumara, and he reported on the Peyote ceremony and on various kinds of cacti employed with "Lophophora williamsii" or in its stead.
However, no anthropologist ever participated in or observed a Peyote hunt until the 1960s, when anthropologists and a Mexican writer were permitted by Huichols to accompany several pilgrimages. Once a year, the Huichols make a sacred trip to gather Hikuri. The trek is led by an experienced "mara'akame" or shaman, who is in contact with Tatewari (Our grandfather-fire). Tatewari is the oldest Huichol god, also known as Hikuri, the Peyote-god. He is personified with Peyote plants on his hands and feet, and he interprets all the deities to the modern shamans, often through visions, sometimes indirectly through Kauyumari (the Sacred Deer Person and culture hero). Tatewari led the first Peyote pilgrimage far from the present area inhabited by the nine thousand Huichols into Wirikuta, an ancestral region where Peyote abounds. Guided by the shaman, the participants, usually ten to fifteen in number, take on the identity of deified ancestors, as the follow Tatewari "to find their life".
The Peyote hunt is literally a hunt. Pilgrims carry tobacco gourds, a necessity for the journey's ritual. Water gourds are often taken to transport water back from Wirikuta. Often the only food taken for the stay in Wirikuta is tortillas. The pilgrims, however, eat Peyote while in Wirikuta. They must travel great distances. Today, much of the trek is done by car, but formerly the Indians walked some two hundred miles.
The preparation for gathering Peyote involves ritual confession and purification. Public recitation of all sexual encounters must be made, but no show of shame, resentment, or jealousy, nor any expression of hostility, occurs. For each offense, the shaman makes a knot in a string which, at the end of the ritual, is burned. Following the confession, the group, preparing to set out for Wirikuta - an area located in San Luís Potosí - must be cleansed before journeying to paradise.
Upon arriving within sight of the sacred mountains of Wirikuta, the pilgrims are ritually washed and pray for rain and fertility. Amid the praying and chanting of the shaman, the dangerous crossing into the Otherworld begins. This passage has two stages: first, the Gateway of the Clashing Clouds, and second, the opening of the Clouds. These do not represent actual localities but exist only in the "geography of the mind"; to the participants the passing from one to the other is an event filled with emotion.
Upon arrival at the place where the Peyote is to be hunted, the shaman begins ceremonial practices, telling stories from the ancient Peyote tradition and invoking protection for the events to come. Those on their first pilgrimage are blindfolded, and the participants are led by the shaman to the "cosmic threshold" which only he can see. All stop, light candles, and murmur prayers while the shaman, imbued with supernatural forces, chants.
Finally, Peyote is found. The shaman has seen the deer tracks. He draws his arrow and shoots the cactus. The pilgrims make offerings to this first Hikuri. More Peyote is sought, basketfuls of the plant eventually being collected. On the following day, more Peyote is collected, some of which is to be shared with those who remain at home. The rest is to be sold to the Cora and Tarahumara Indians, who use Peyote but do not have a quest.
The ceremony of distributing Tobacco is then carried out. Arrows are placed pointing to the four points of the compass; at midnight a fire is built. According to the Huichol, Tobacco belongs to fire. The shaman prays, placing the Tobacco before the fire, touching it with feathers, then distributing it to each pilgrim who puts it into his gourd, symbolising the birth of Tobacco.
The Huichol Peyote hunt is seen as a return to Wirikuta or Paradise, the archetypal beginning and end of a mythical past. A modern Huichol "mara'kame" expressed it as follows: "One day all will be as you have seen it there, in Wirikuta. The First People will come back. The fields will be pure and crystalline, all this is not clear to me, but in five more years I will know it, through more revelations. The world will end, and the unity will be here again. But only for pure Huichol."
Among the Tarahumara, the Peyote cult is less important. Many buy their supplies of the cactus, usually from Huichol. Although the two tribes live several hundred miles apart and are not closely related, they share the same name for Peyote - Hikuri - and the two cults have many points of resemblance.
The Tarahumara Peyote dance may be held at any time during the year for health, tribal prosperity, or for simple worship. It is sometimes incorporated into other established festivals. The principal part of the ceremony consists of dances and prayers followed by a day of feasting. Oak and pine logs are dragged in for a fire and oriented in an east-west direction. The Tarahumara name for the dance means "moving about the fire", and except for Peyote itself, the fire is the most important element.
The leader has several women assistants who prepare the Hikuri plants for use, grinding the fresh cacti on a metate, being careful not to lose one drop of the resulting liquid. An assistant catches all liquid in a gourd, even the water used to wash the metate. The leader sits west of the fire, and a cross may be erected opposite him. In front of the leader, a small hole is dug into which he may spit. A Peyote may be set before him on its side or inserted into a root-shaped hole bored in the ground. He inverts half a gourd over the Peyote, turning it to scratch a circle in the earth around the cactus. Removing the gourd temporarily, he draws a cross in the dust to represent the world, thereupon replacing the gourd. This apparatus serves as a resonator for the rasping stick: Peyote is set under the resonator, since it enjoys the sound.
Incense from burning copal is then offered to the cross. After facing east, kneeling, and crossing themselves, the leader's assistants are given deer-hoof rattles or bells to shake during the dance.
The ground-up Peyote is kept in a pot or crock near the cross and is served in a gourd by an assistant: he makes three rounds of the fire if carrying it to an ordinary participant. All the songs praise Peyote for its protection of the tribe and for its "beautiful intoxication".
As with the Huichol, healing ceremonies are often carried out. The Tarahumara leader cures at daybreak. He first terminates dancing by giving three raps. He rises, accompanied by a young assistant, and circling the patio, he touches every forehead with water. He touches the patient thrice, and placing his stick to the patient's head, he rasps three times. The dust produced by the rasping, even though infinitesimal, is a powerful health- and life-giver and is saved for medicinal use.
The final ritual sends Peyote home. The leader reaches toward the rising sun and rasps thrice. "In the early morning, Hikuli had come from San Ignacio and from Satapolio riding on beautiful green doves, to feast with the Tarahumara at the end of the dance when the people sacrifice food and eat and drink. Having bestowed his blessings, Hikuli forms himself into a ball and flies to his shelter at the time."
Peyote is employed as a religious sacrament among more than forty American Indian tribes in many parts of the United States and western Canada. Because of its wide use, Peyote early attracted the attention of scientists and legislators and engendered heated and, unfortunately, often irresponsible opposition to its free use in American Indian ceremonies.
It was the Kiowa and Comanche Indians, apparently, who in visits to a native group in northern Mexico, first learned of this sacred American plant. Indians in the United States had been restricted to reservations by the last half of the nineteenth century, and much of their cultural heritage was disintegrating and disappearing. Faced with this disastrous inevitability, a number of Indian leaders, especially from tribes re-located in Oklahoma, began actively to spread a new kind of Peyote cult adapted to the needs of the more advanced Indian groups of the United States.
The Kiowa and Comanche were apparently the most active proponents of the new religion. Today it is the Kiowa-Comanche type of Peyote ceremony that, with slight modifications, prevails north of the Mexican border. This ceremony, to judge from the rapid spread of the new Peyote religion, must have appealed strongly to the Plains tribes and later to other groups.
Success in spreading the new Peyote cult resulted in strong opposition to its practice from missionary and local governmental groups. The ferocity of this opposition often led local governments to enact repressive legislation, in spite of overwhelming scientific opinion that Indians should be permitted to use Peyote in religious practices. In an attempt to protect their rights to free religious activity, American Indians organised the Peyote cult into a legally recognised religious group, the Native American Church. This religious movement, unknown in the United States before 1885, numbered 13,300 members in 1922. Membership of the Native American Church at the present time is claimed to be a quarter of a million Indians.
Indians of the United States, living far from the natural area of Peyote, must use the dried top of the cactus, the so-called mescal button, legally acquired either by collection or purchase and distribution through the United States postal services. Some American Indians still send pilgrims to gather the cactus in the fields, but most tribal groups in the United States must procure their supplies by purchase and mail.
A member may hold a meeting in gratitude for the recovery of health, the safe return from a voyage, or the success of a Peyote pilgrimage: it may be held to celebrate the birth of a baby, to name a child, on the first four birthdays of a child, for doctoring, or even for general thanksgiving. The Kickapoo held a Peyote service for the dead, and the body of the deceased is brought into the ceremonial teepee. The Kiowa may have five services at Easter, four at Christmas and Thanksgiving, six at New Year. Especially among the Kiowa, meetings are held only on Saturday night. Anyone who is a member of the Peyote cult may be a leader or "roadman". There are certain taboos which the roadman, and sometimes all participants, must observe. The older men refrain from eating salt the day before and after a meeting, and they may not bathe for several days following a Peyote service. There seem to be no sexual taboos, as in the Mexican tribes, and the ceremony is free of licentiousness. Women are admitted to meetings to eat Peyote and to pray, but they do not usually participate in the singing and drumming. After the age of ten, children may attend meetings but do not take part until they are adults.
Peyote ceremonies differ from tribe to tribe. The typical Plains Indian service takes place usually in a teepee erected over a carefully made altar of earth or clay; the teepee is taken down as soon as the all-night ceremony is over. Some tribes hold the ceremony in a wooden round-house with a permanent altar of cement inside, and the Osage and Quapaw Indians often have electrically lighted round-houses.
The Father Peyote (a large "mescal button" or dried top of the Peyote plant) is placed on a cross or rosette of sage leaves at the center of the altar. This crescent-shaped altar, symbol of the spirit of Peyote, is never taken from the altar during the ceremony. As soon as the Father Peyote has been put in place, all talking stops, and all eyes are directed toward the altar.
Tobacco and corn shuck or blackjack oak leaves are passed around the circle of worshippers, each making a cigarette for use during the leader's opening prayer. The next procedure involves purification of the bag of mescal buttons in cedar incense. Following this blessing, the roadman takes four mescal buttons from the bag which is then passed around in a clockwise direction, each worshipper taking four. More Peyote may be called for at any time during the ceremony, the amount consumed being left to personal discretion. Some peyotists eat up to thirty-six buttons a night, and some boast of having ingested upwards of fifty. An average amount is probably twelve.
Singing starts with the roadman, the initial song always being the same, sung or chanted in a high nasal tone. Translated, the song means: "May the gods bless me, help me, and give me power and understanding."
Sometimes, the roadman may be asked to treat a patient. This procedure varies in form. The curing ritual is almost always simple, consisting of praying and frequent use of the sign of the cross.
Peyote eaten in ceremony has assumed the role of a sacrament in part because of its biological activity: the sense of well-being that it induces and the psychological effects (the chief of which is the kaleidoscopic play of richly colored visions) often experienced by those who indulge in its use. Peyote is considered sacred by native Americans, a divine "messenger" enabling the individual to communicate with God without the medium of a priest. It is an earthly representative of God to many peyotists. "God told the Delawares to do good even before He sent Christ to the whites who killed him…" an Indian explained to an anthropologist. "God made Peyote. It is His power. It is the power of Jesus. Jesus came afterwards on this earth, after Peyote…. God (through Peyote) told the Delawares the same things that Jesus told the whites."
Correlated with its use as a religious sacrament is its presumed value as a medicine. Some Indians claim that, if Peyote is used correctly, all other medicines are superfluous. Its supposed curative properties are responsible probably more than any other attribute for the rapid diffusion of the Peyote cult in the United States.
The Peyote religion is a medico-religious cult. In considering native American medicines, one must always bear in mind the difference between the aboriginal concept of a medicinal agent and that of our modern Western medicine. Primitive societies, in general, cannot conceive of natural death or illness but believe that they are due to supernatural interference. There are two types of "medicines": those with purely physical effects (i.e., to relieve toothache or digestive upsets); and the medicines, "par excellence", that put the medicine man into communication, through a variety of hallucinations, with the malevolent spirits that cause illness and death.
The factors responsible for the rapid growth and tenacity of the Peyote religion in the United States are many and interrelated. Among the most obvious, however, and those most often cited, are: the ease of legally obtaining supplies of the hallucinogen; lack of federal restraint; cessation of intertribal warfare; reservation life with consequent intermarriage and peaceful exchange of social and religious ideas; ease of transportation and postal communication; and the general attitude of resignation toward encroaching Western culture.
Source : www.peyote.org
Related Articles :